Breed Standard

judges measure dog

Judges measure each dog as part of conformation evaluation at Natural Ability and Intermediate Hunting Dog tests

A medium strong and tall dog. Height at the top point of the withers for males should be 24 to 26 inches, ideally 25; for females it should be 23 inches to 24 1/2 inches. The dog displays a distinct male character through a certain “hardiness” (masculine) display of bodily characteristics, movement and attitude.

In bitches a certain elegance in total presentation is welcomed, also a more delicate (feminine) build of the body and skeleton and somewhat more supple behavior.

Complete lack of any trace of fear is absolute. Hard, overaggressive behavior, biting, attacking are also indications of nervous overreaction that is unacceptable. Analysis should be made as to where it originated.

The proper mechanics of movement cross walk and cross trot, maintaining the back in the same line lend to the dog’s progress a certain impression of harmony and feeling of endurance (stamina).

Proportion of height to length should be square. The bitches can be 9:10.

Following is the standard on whose basis was the Cesky Fousek (CF) accepted as a national breed by the Federal International Canine Association (FCI). The BWPGCA has employed the same standard since 1997 in its breeding program.


Head as long as possible, medium wide, somewhat squarish, but not to fine, not even in bitches. The muzzle should be long and softly arched. A concave bridge is not acceptable. The sufficiently wide muzzle ends with a blunt nose with large nasal openings. The color of the snout should be dark or light brown matching the basic color of the body. A pointed nose, ending with a sharp snout with small nasal opening is not desirable. The mouth must be completely closed, with the flews (top lips) softly overlapping the bottom lips. The linear transition from the muzzle into the forehead and head is gradual and softly elevating. The vertical stop is out of standard and one that is to flat is undesirable, mainly because it is ugly. The bows over the eye sockets are noticeable, more so in males. (Sex trait) The top of the head is flat, only lightly arched and ends with a not too pronounced occiput. A complete set of teeth is required, properly positioned and healthy. A scissor bite is ideal.


The ears are middle long, covering approximately two-thirds of the cheek. They are not too wide at the top, evenly and fully hanging. The lobes are round at the tips. The ears do hang close to the head without unnecessary bends. The muscles at the root of the ears must be well developed to allow control of the ears on both sides. Sharp tips or too long ears are undesirable.


The eyes are lengthwise, oval, bright, and sincere, rather smaller than bulging, with almond-like eyelids tight to the eye. The demand is for as dark brown as possible. Lighter brown is acceptable on dogs having a basic white color, but “fisheye” almost without pigment is out of standard. Entropium and ectropium is a hereditary fault and disqualifies the dog from breeding at all.


The neck should be longer than short, muscular and full “dry” (taut skin). Folds under the throat or unnecessary skin folds are not allowed. The top portion is slightly bent (so called rooster neck) and slowly reaches the head without noticeable transition (elevated occiput). This causes the head to be set up high. The lower portion of the neck transfers slowly into the withers, and smoothly elsewhere.

Chest and Ribs

In front, the chest is wide (the shoulder point noticeably shifted forward) with well-developed muscular shoulders. It should form the shape of a lyre. The lowest depth of the chest from the side should reach to the elbow. The ribs are proportionally (medium) arched, the vault starting right from the vertebrae. They are not evolved to form a flat chest as is overdeveloped by the Irish Setters, were the ribs start falling down right next to the vertebrae. A barrel chest is not allowed. The thoracic portion of the back stretches from the high point (withers) along one-half to two-thirds of the vertebrae and should be standing out. It is high, broad and well enveloped with muscles. The height of a dog will be measured from the highest notch.

Upper Line

The upper line includes the neck, back, loins and croup (above the hind legs) including the setting of the tail. The whole top line from the back to the other parts should be smooth. The back and loins should be straight and broad, enclosed in well-developed muscles. The croup should be slightly falling with broad and long pelvis. This should stand out mainly in bitches. The flanks and abdomen are tightly enclosed and drawn up.


The tail is medium in substance, and always straight. The root of the tail is always stronger and narrows gradually to the tip. It should not be set too high on the backbone. It is shortened to one-third of its length on dogs, and two-fifths on bitches. A somewhat longer tail does not interfere with confirmation as it can be surgically shortened at any time.


The width of the front conforms with the width of the chest. The shoulders are long and as oblique as possible. Small deviations should not be judged to severely. The elbow must be positioned tightly to the chest whether the dog stands or moves. The forearms are straight, sufficiently strong, equipped with obviously dry (tight) and strong muscles. The forearm must be upright (vertical) from the front and the sides.


Digits are tightly closed and obviously arched, to form round paws. The soles should be hard but elastic. The claws should be medium strong, sufficiently bent and darkly pigmented. The build of the rear feet is the same as in the front.

Back and Hind Legs

The back haunch slopes into the thighs without haunch bumps that are too obvious. The thighs have particularly strongly developed muscles. The shinbone should be as long as possible and should not form too open an angle with the femur (straight stifles). The rear pastern (metatarsus) should be very short and almost vertical. The whole skeleton is strong.


The coat in comparison with all other wirehaired dogs is threefold: undercoat, outer coat and guard coat.

  • The undercoat is short 2/5 to 3/5 inch (1 to 1.5 cm), soft and fine and without pith. It is very thick in winter, and in summer sheds completely or stays very sparse in some cases. It covers the whole trunk and the neck. The direction of growth is not directed and usually follows the direction of the outer coat.
  • The outer coat is 1 1/5 to 1 3/5 inches in length (3-4 cm), straight, very harsh, and when displaced out of normal position it will automatically return to the original set up. It still contains considerable remnants of pith. It covers the rump and neck where it is uniformly long. In the direction of the paws it is again shorter but equally harsh. The pasterns are covered with a very short coat. The outer coat must fit tightly to the body, running from the head in direction of the back and on the lines from the top down. It is completely straight and has a rough, coarse feel.
  • The guard hair is the longest, hardest and lies very close to the body. The length is 2 to 2 4/5 inches (5-7 cm). It has fully developed pith. The rump is covered sparsely, but on central line of the chest, on the brisket, in the back of the front legs from the elbows to the carpus and on the back of the hind legs to the hocks is denser and forms a fringe, mainly with the winter coat.
  • The distribution of coat (hair): On the upper and lower lips the hair is somewhat longer and softer and forms a typical beard. Also the eyebrow hairs are denser and point over the total lengths of the bow forward and up. On the snout the coat is short and rough and gets even shorter on the forehead and top of the head. The hair cover is shortest on the temples and earlobes, where the cover is only slightly rougher than the shorthaired breeds. Overhanging or even silky hair on the head is not desirable. On the fore and hind members the coat lies dense, becoming shorter closer to the paws where it is very short but rough. Only on the front of the hind legs from the stifle to the metatarsus is the hair longer, forming a “brush”. The tail is covered the same as the body with the same quality and without forming a “flag” on the underside of the tail tip